What Is The Restoration of The Tabernacle of David?
This topic of the restoration of the Tabernacle of David has brought both contention and unity amongst the global Body of Yeshua, and is one of the great keys to understanding the kingdom of God and the millennial Kingdom that is to come. When we think about what it looks like to see the Tabernacle of David restored, we reasonably tend to think of the place of worship on Mount Zion where David had the Ark of the Covenant placed in a structure, around which worshippers were chosen to worship 24/7 (1 Chronicles 16:37, 1 Chronicles 25:9). The question is then, is 24/7 worship the Biblical restoration of the Tabernacle of David spoken of in Amos 9:11, or is it something that when properly understood in its fullness could be what brings about the last great revival and the return of Yeshua?
“In that day I shall raise up and restore the fallen tabernacle (booth) of David,
And wall up its breaches [in the city walls];
I will also raise up and restore its ruins
And rebuild it as it was in the days of old.
What is a Tabernacle?
Let’s begin with our image of the word “tabernacle” as it is often understood by much of the global Body of Yeshua as an extravagant tent or building, but in reality the word in Hebrew used in Amos 9:11 is “Sukkah”. A sukkah is the least extravagant and most rudimentary of shelters made of tree foliage, palm branches, and other natural materials with a roof through which you can see the stars (Leviticus 23:40). It is these types of shelters that are made and lived in for 7 days each year in Israel to this day during Sukkot (The Feast of Tabernacles). Jonah also made himself a sukkah as he sat outside the city of Nineveh waiting for God’s wrath to fall upon the city (Jonah 4:5). Isaiah 1:7-9 speaks of the desolation that was coming for Israel and in verse 8 puts it this way, “The Daughter of Zion (Jerusalem) is left like a [deserted] sukkah in a vineyard, like a watchman’s hut in a cucumber field, like a besieged city [isolated, surrounded by devastation].” This gives us the horror associated with the sukkah to Jewish people when not associated with Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) as it is representative of great destruction, judgement, and desolation, not a beautiful or extravagant structure as most people tend when seeing the word tabernacle.
In Amos 9:11 it is clear that the Sukkah of David has fallen, meaning that the Davidic kingdom is in disrepair, speaking of all the tragedy and judgement that befell the descendants of King David’s royal line and the rest of Israel. The prophet Amos uses the term “sukkah” in a similar way to that of Isaiah 1:8 in Amos 9:11 after having spoken in the ten previous verses about God’s great judgement over Israel. We see this again in Isaiah 11 after also speaking in the previous verses about the great destruction and exile of the Jewish people.
Past, Present and Future
We know of the past glory of King David and his rule, and very well of its destruction, and ruin, but what of its future full restoration? After the destruction and pain prophesied over and experienced by Israel and the Jewish people as a whole, and now in the present being able to look back in history both Biblically and otherwise at this great suffering, we also see the continued fulfillment of God’s promise to restore Israel. Besides its judgement, as Amos 9:11 makes clear, it is also prophesied that the Jewish people would return from exile not only once but twice in Isaiah 11:11-12 and Jeremiah 31:10, which the world has witnessed happen for more than 100 years now. The prophecies of the Jewish people being restored to the Promised Land are coming to pass, but this is not yet the complete restoration of the Davidic kingdom where Yeshua will rule and reign from Zion (Luke 1:32.33).
A Governmental Restoration
The restoration of the Tabernacle of David is mostly governmental in nature. Israel has been re-established and the Jewish people are returning, but we are still waiting for the King Yeshua to return to rule and reign from Zion over the nations of the earth. Hosea 3:4-5 tells us after a long wait without a king or any other thing befitting a priestly nation, as has been Israel’s position, that “Afterward, the people of Israel will return and seek the Lord their God and David their king. They will come in awe to the Lord and to his goodness in the last days.” We know that Yeshua has already come for the salvation of all mankind and ascended to the right hand of the Father, but when He returns it will be to stay and rule the earth as the King of kings. When the fullness of the gentiles comes in then Israel will be saved (Romans 11:25-26).
In order to have a clearer picture of the past glory and future glory that Israel and the Davidic Kingdom, namely the restoration of the governmental authority of the seed of David, Yeshua and His rule and reign from Jerusalem, these 6 scriptures will be of great help. (Isaiah 2:1-4, Zechariah 8:20-23, Jeremiah 23:5-8, Zechariah 14:16, Isaiah 11:35, Isaiah 9:6-7.)
Despite all that has happened to the stump of David, the God of Israel has promised to revive David’s dynasty. This one might shock you though. There are scriptures which lead us to understand in this future Davidic Kingdom ruled by Yeshua, that not only David himself (resurrected), but also his physical descendants will rule and reign in Jerusalem alongside and subordinate to Yeshua Ha’Mashiach. These following passages describe that very same prophetic future of the coming rule and reign of Yeshua. (Jeremiah 30:9, 33:17, 21-22,26; Ezekiel 34:23-24; Zechariah 12:7-13:1).
Prophecies about the Jewish People and the Church
Another issue of great importance and contention amongst the global body of Yeshua is whether or not when the majority of the Jewish leaders rejected Yeshua as the Messiah that Yeshua then rejected the original promises specific to the Jewish people. The answer is most definitely not. Romans 11:1-2 makes it very clear when Paul says, “I say then, has God rejected and disowned His people? Certainly not! For I too am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not rejected His [chosen] people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel?” He continues throughout the entire chapter to remind the non-Jewish believers not to be ignorant of the fact that God has allowed this temporary hardening of the heart of the Jewish people on purpose specifically for the Gentiles of the world to be saved, because if not then all of Israel would saved without the Gentiles. Yeshua is coming back soon and the means the time for salvation to the Gentiles is also coming to an end as well.
Is it true to say that when Yeshua died, resurrected, and ascended to the right hand of the Father that He changed all of the promises of the coming Messianic Kingdom? Romans 11:29 is in direct opposition to this claim. Before the cross every person would have understood that the Messianic Kingdom that is coming is centered around the Jewish people, but after the cross, the common dogma is that this has now somehow changed, but Luke 22:29-30 is once again in direct opposition to this claim. Speaking to the Apostles, Yeshua says, “And just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you [the privilege] that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” This means that the twelve tribes especially will be ruled by the resurrected Apostles in the Messianic Kingdom that is coming, not by Gentile believers. This may at first sound harsh or non-inclusive, but it is simply God living up to His promise and not something to pick up as a slight or offense. It also does not mean that God does not love the non-Jewish believers as much as Jewish believers, no, simply that He promised the Jewish people this position and cannot go back on His Word. He is not one to lie.
For nearly 2,000 years Israel as a country ceased to exist, leading most believers to understand that the non-Jewish body of Messiah was now taking up the role of the Jewish people to rule the world which has led to the hatred of the Jewish people in many theological streams labeling the Jewish people as the ones who killed Yeshua and who have therefor forfeited God’s promises, forgetting that Yeshua Himself is a Jew, as were all of the Apostles and original disciples. Even things like keeping the Sabbath and celebrating the Biblical Feasts were outlawed and made punishable crimes even to death irregardless of the fact that these Jewish practices are not simply for the Jewish people, but Biblical for all believers as led by the Holy Spirit. 》〉》Read More about the Biblical Feast
Instead of the view that Yeshua will reign over the whole world through the Jewish people as is promised throughout Scripture, the new re-interpretation has become that the world will be ruled only by non-Jewish believers without any Jewish context, or Jewish restoration, or Davidic Kingdom restored. From the viewpoint of non-Jewish believers this is like trying to cut off God’s inheritance for the Jewish people. In the eyes of the Jews it is a bit more harsh and seen as straight up stealing in place sight. This viewpoint is known as Replacement Theology that says God has replaced the Jews with the Gentiles or Suppression Theology that says the Gentiles have simply superseded the Jews. This theology is precisely the thing Apostle Paul warned the Gentile believers about In Romans 11:18, 20, and 25, not to be arrogant about the calling of the Jewish people, not to be conceited towards them, nor to be ignorant of their calling and gifts even by the Messiah Yeshua which are irrevocable (Romans 11:29).
Does God Love the Jews More Than The Gentiles Or Vice Versa?
No, as stated previously, just because of God’s promises to the Jewish people for the physical restoration of the land of Israel (Jeremiah 31:5-6, 50:19) the Spiritual salvation of the Jewish nation (Jeremiah 31: 31-34, 50:20), and the governmental restoration of the David Dynasty (Amos 9:11-12, Isaiah 2:1-5, Jeremiah 33:19-26), this does not mean God’s love for the Jewish people is more, but simply that He promised it will come to pass and He is always looking after His Word to be fulfilled (Jeremiah 1:12).
What about Acts 15:13-18?
In this portion of Scripture, the Apostle James quoted Amos 9:11-12 declaring that gentiles should be fully accepted into the then almost completely Jewish body of Messiah without converting to Judaism. Firstly, because clearly as Gentiles were being filled with the Holy Spirit and receiving Yeshua as their Messiah, He has an interest in Gentile salvation. Secondly, salvation to the Gentiles is correct according to the Prophets (Isaiah 49:6), and thirdly, as such we should make the process as uncomplicated as possible. This version of Amos 9:11-12 that is written in Acts 15:16-18 is slightly different than the Old Testament version in verse 17 because of it being translated from the Septuagint translation of the Bible, saying “the rest of mankind” instead of Edomites, which is an interesting topic, but for a different article. Despite the slight discrepancy, this does not change in any way the understanding of the restoration of the Tabernacle of David
Remember, the assumption of the Jewish believers at that time was that the Messiah was coming back to restore the Davidic Kingdom almost immediately. “So when they had come together, they asked Him repeatedly, “Lord, are You at this time re-establishing the kingdom and restoring it to Israel?” This thinking would lead to the Jewish believers thinking this was solely a time for Jewish salvation, for Yeshua to return, and then they would bring salvation to the world, but Yeshua said something in Acts 1:7 that was clearly contrary to this viewpoint. “He said to them, “It is not for you to know the times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority.” So Apostle James was pointing this out, and by quoting Amos 9:11-12 was saying that because Yeshua had not yet returned and the Gentiles were clearly being saved and filled with the Holy Spirit, that although they were still waiting for the full restoration of the Davidic Kingdom they should not be surprised by this happening at the current time instead of later. In fact, as Paul said in Romans 11:25 “until God’s pre-ordained number of Gentiles have come to salvation, only then will Israel be saved.” In quoting Amos, Apostle James was saying that for the full restoration of the Tabernacle of David to come about, the salvation of the Gentiles plays an integral role that cannot be left out.
Is The Tabernacle of David Fully Restored?
Not yet, and this should be a source of excitement for the entire global body of Yeshua! Why? Because what must still come to pass is perhaps one of the most exciting times since Yeshua’s ministry in Israel and His death and resurrection, and our hope for those things yet to come is very great. In Acts 26:6-7 and Matthew 19:28 it is the hope of the 12 Tribes of Israel ruling and reigning with Yeshua. In 2 Timothy 2:9 it is the great freedom in knowing the Word of God cannot be chained, even though we are persecuted. In Hebrews 2:8 we see that we still get to look forward to the day when all things are subjected to Yeshua as they are not yet completed subjected to Him. In Revelation 7:9-14 it is the great expectation that both Jew and Gentile together will worship before the throne of God, every tribe and every tongue together with Yeshua as the head. We look forward to both the harvest of the nations and the harvest of the Jews because one without the other means no return of Yeshua to rule and reign from Zion.
Prophetic Worship, Intercession, and Honoring The Jewish People and God’s Promises
Although worshipping in Spirit and Truth along with intercession 24/7 is not the restoration of the Tabernacle of David, it is indeed at the heart of paving the way for its full restoration and the return of Yeshua. Doing this together as one body is essential and honoring the Jewish people and God’s promises over them in regards to the coming Messianic kingdom is an integral part of this oneness in the Body of Yeshua. Without this recognition, and a continuation of replacement theology, it is actually going directly against what Apostle Paul teaches about the branches boasting against each other. In fact in doing so, parts of the Body of Yeshua are actually inadvertently falling into the category of Genesis 12:3 that says, “And I will curse [that is, subject to My wrath and judgment] the one who curses (despises, dishonors, has contempt for) you (Israel).” This replacement theology then takes away the urgency for the global Body of Yeshua to then intercede and pray for the full restoration and salvation of Israel which is crucial for Yeshua’s return to be made possible. Gentiles share in many of the promises of God to the Jewish people, but it is essential not to steal the ones that do not belong to the Gentiles, lest it actually stunt the growth of Jewish Believers and actually hurt the growth of the Body of Yeshua within Jewish society as has unfortunately been the case here in Israel.
To imitate the heart of David and to worship in the spirit of the Tabernacle of David day and night in Spirit and Truth (John 4:23-24) is awesome and essential for the global Body of Christ to flourish and grow. However, to mistake it as the actual restoration of the Tabernacle of David as written in Amos 9:11 is actually to blunt its impact upon the world through false teaching. When paired together though, with correct teaching and prophetic worship and intercession, it is like multiple atomic bombs going off against the fallen kingdom of darkness around the globe. So we pray that such a movement of worship in Spirit and Truth and intercession paired with proper Biblical perspective will blossom into a global movement activating and awakening this new prophetic generation and the Malachi 4:5-6 generation to come together as one global body in the Holy Spirit with Yeshua as the head to finally see the fullness of the Jews and gentiles be saved and the return of Yeshua come to pass in these end times. In Yeshua’s mighty name we pray, amen! Adonai bless you and keep you kingdom family!
Note: Much of the source material for this article is based on the writing of Avner Bosky.