Elul Key Facts

Elul dates

Elul begins on August 9th this year, and ends September 6th.

Moses Ascends Mount Sinai

Elul 1 (August 9th) marks the day Moses ascended Mount Sinai for 40 days to ask forgiveness for Israel worshipping the golden calf, and to receive the ten commandments for a second time.

40 days

The first day of Elul marks the beginning of 40 days that ends on Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement) when Adonai forgave Israel of their sins and renewed His covenant with them when Moses descended Mount Sinai with the restored ten commandments.

Ezekiel Taken By Adonai

Elul 5 (August 13th) was the day that Ezekiel was taken by Adonai in the Spirit to Jerusalem to witness the idolatry of the leaders and residents of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 8).

Harvest

The word Elul originated from the Akkadian word for “Harvest”.

The Second Temple Completed

Elul 24 (September 1st) was the day that the second temple was completed after the return of the Israelites from exile in Babylon (Haggai 1:15).

Month of Teshuvah

This is the month of Teshuvah, meaning to turn back to God when people are in a season of repentance in preparation for the 10 days of Awe.

Wall of Jerusalem Rebuilt

Elul 25 (September 2nd) The wall of Jerusalem was rebuilt and finished and the enemies of Israel lost their confidence. (Nehemiah 6:15-16)

Betulah

The constellation of Elul is Betulah, or the Virgin, and is synonymous with the Song of Songs 6:3 that says, “Ani le‑dodi ve‑dodi li–“I am my beloved’s and my beloved is mine.”

Beginning of Yom Teruah

Elul 29 (September 6th) is the beginning of the Biblical feast of Yom Teruah (The Feast of Trumpets) which also marks the beginning of the year, and what is known as the 10 Days of Awe.

Gad

The tribe of Elul is Gad. “Courageous men from the Gadites came over to David in the stronghold in the wilderness, men trained for war, who could handle shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and who were swift as gazelles on the mountains” (1 Chronicles 12:8).

Blow the shofar

It is tradition to blow the shofar every day during the month of Elul in the run up to Yom Teruah.

The Shmita Year

The last day of Elul, marks the beginning of the Shmita Year (Sabbatical Year), a time when YHWH commanded Israel to let the land rest from sewing and reaping, to let what grows on its own be harvested by the needy, for the animals to eat, and for all debts to be forgiven. Read some key facts about the Shmita year here.

10th Shmita Year

Elul 29 (September 6th) will mark the beginning of the 10th Shmita year since Israel was reborn as a state in 1948.

5782

Elul 29 also marks the beginning of the Biblical year of 5782.

No fast, No feast

Elul is the only Biblical month that does not have a fast or feast.

Elul

The name Elul did not begin being used as the name of the month until after Israel’s exile in Babylon.


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